Posts Tagged Exchange 2010

Report on Exchange 2010 Server RU level

I found a nice script written to gather your environment Exchange environment RU level.

Get-ExchangeUpdateRollups

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Couldn’t open backup file handle while performing Exchange DB seed via Powershell

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The error above is the outcome of running Udate-MailboxDatabaseCopyStatus -Identity DB_NAME -DeleteExistingFiles and the DB status went to Failed and Suspended. The reason is that the backup was kicked off and the handle for the DB was no longer available.

You could check the status of the backup on the DB by running Get-MailboxDatabaseCopyStatus -Identity DB_NAME | fl *backup*

DB-BK

 

Two ways to get over this, either to wait for the backup to finish or to reboot the server and stop the backup and that should fix the issue, the seeding process needs to start from scratch.

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Move database between two DAG’s

Ever wondered how to move a whole database from one DAG to another without going through mailbox by mailbox migrations? For what reason? (you might ask)

We had to split two remote sites to two separate DAG’s to limit DAG dependability on link between them due to some reliability issues. This has caused us problems in the past and lots of headaches to keep users happy.

The original setup consisted of two multi-role Exchange 2010 servers in a stretched DAG with File Share Witness (FSW) being in Site A. If the link goes down or becomes intermittent then all DB’s would fail over to Site A and Site B will have no or very limited access to their mailboxes (See figure below).

DAG1

What we needed to achieve is to have both sites working even during link failures, which isn’t possible with one DAG, hence the proposal of two DAG’s. Using the current design above we have managed to split users according to site into their own DB’s and activated those DB’s on their respective sites.

In order to create a second DAG and migrate DB’s across to new DAG, we followed following steps:

1. Make sure all DB’s are in sync (healthy)

2. Ensure all required DB’s for second DAG are activated on the swing server (i.e. in our diagram MBX2).

3. Remove any DB copies that tie that server with MBX1 before attempting to evict it off DAG1.

4. ¬†ENSURE YOU ARE REPLICATING AD CHANGES AT EACH STEP! OTHERWISE YOU WOULD HAVE SPLIT BRAIN ISSUE AND CAUSE YOUR DB TO FAIL. LISTEN TO ME WHEN I SAY I AM TELLING YOU FROM ‘EXPERIENCE‘ ūüôā

5. Evict MBX2 from DAG1 ( Under Organization Configuration – Mailbox – Database Availability Group – right click on the DAG you want to evict MBX2 from and click on Manage Database Availability Group Membership).

6. Select MBX2 (in our case) and click on X to remove it.

7. Now, now right click on the DAG that you want to join and follow the same steps above to add MBX2 to the DAG.

8. Setup your DB copies.

This process should be seamless to end users with no interruptions to service, just make sure AD topology is updated at each step to avoid any DB downtime.

I hope this article will help you to save some time and effort in regard to DB re-allocation rather than mailbox-by-mailbox migrations. Of course mailbox-by-mailbox replications has it’s benefits, if you have lots of white space which you want to recover rather than dismounting the DB and running an offline defrag which is time consuming and it requires downtime depending on the size of the database.

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Soft Deleted Mailbox in Exchange 2010 (Continued)

In my previous post I have talked about what happens behind the scenes when you disconnect a mailbox via EMC. Soft deleted mailboxes stay on the system for the whole retention period (by default 30 days) hence they still utilise space within Exchange DB, if you are running on low disk space then this might become an issue.

Luckily there is a solution to this issue, using Remove-StoreMailbox command in Powershell, follow the solution in this MS article http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/gg181092(v=exchg.141).aspx

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Soft Deleted Mailbox in Exchange 2010

Have you ever wondered why there are so many disconnected mailboxes? That has flagged a big security alert in our firm, especially after finding out how IT staff used to disable user accounts! By disabling a mailbox, you are actually detaching that mailbox form it’s AD object, this orphaned mailbox is prone to deletion according to your Exchange mailbox retention policy (by default 30 days!).

We have also found few other mailboxes for active users but they are sitting in Disconnected Mailbox, by running the command:

Get-MailboxStatistics -Server ServerName | where {$_.DisconnectReason -eq ‘SoftDeleted’}

The result would show user display name for those mailboxes that had moved from one DB to another. Exchange would mark the source mailbox as SoftDeleted rather than the default Disabled Рa mailbox gets flagged as Disabled when disabling mailboxes using the Disable command within the MS Exchange GUI or Disable-Mailbox via Powershell.

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Dynamic Distribution Group – Excluding Security Group

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It has been a while since I have posted anything on my blog, due to change of responsibilities and the new job. Now I am mainly focused on VMware and Exchange.

Most people know that Dynamic Distribution Groups are great in offering flexible and automatic management of user membership in addition to all the features offered by normal distribution groups. By the way, I won’t be detailing how to use Set-DynamicDistributionGroup cmdlet in setting a dynamic group up (please refer to powershell help by typing¬†help Set-DynamicDistributionGroup -Examples¬†to see some examples of how to use -RecipientFilter property).

If you image that you have all your users in one OU (which is possible) ,¬†Dynamic Distribution Group look at a specific recipient container. In some cases you want to exclude a single user from the list, now that is easy, make sure (-not(Name -like ‘name‘) is entered into your recipient filter.

Excluding one name is easy, but you don’t want to keep adding a name at a time. You could bind all of your members who you want to exclude from your dynamic group in a security group and add this line to your recipient filter (-not(MemberofGroup -eq ‘Security_Group_FQDN‘)).

Whoever is added to that Security group won’t be a member of the dynamic distribution group.

To get members of a dynamic distribution group

$group = get-DynamicDistributionGroup “Group_Name

$members = get-recipient -RecipientPreviewFilter $group.RecipientFilter

 

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